Waste Resources

This section of the site provides quick access to case studies and helpful on-line social marketing resources for those involved with waste management. We welcome suggestions for additional case studies and resources.

 

Latest News

October 4, 2018  Two New Resource istings Reently Added in this Topic Category
We've recently added two new resource listings this past year. You can see them in the right hand column below.
October 20, 2017  Five New Materials Added in this Topic Category in the Past Year
We've added two new case studies and four new other resources this past year. You can see the case studies in the left hand column below and the resources in the right hand column below. Let us know what you think.
 

Most Recent Waste Reduction Case Studies

Halifax Regional Municipality Pesticide By-law  EnvironmentHealth

In 2000, Halifax introduced a by-law reducing the use of pesticides on municipal and residential properties, to protect human health and the environment. The municipality used internal resources and external partners to phase in the by-law over several years while educating residents on sustainable turf maintenance and alternatives to synthetic pesticides.

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Claremont  Environment

To find effective ways to increase public participation in recycling, two studies were undertaken in the City of Claremont, California. In each case, trained volunteers went door-to-door contacting members of non-recycling households. Two approaches were tried -one using Boy Scouts, and the other using neighbours as volunteers.

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Earth-Works  Environment

The Earth-Works program was created to reduce the amount of organic waste going to landfill in Port Colborne. An intensive promotion program, featuring home visits and the distribution of free composters, encouraged residents to compost organic waste in their own backyards.

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The Environment Network  EnvironmentHealth

This comprehensive program utilized several strategies including home visits, incentives and starter kits to induce households to reduce energy, water consumption, waste to landfill and pollution.

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Get in the Loop -- Buy Recycled  Environment

To encourage people to buy more recycled-content products, an annual, month-long Get in the Loop campaign reminds shoppers in rural and urban areas of western Washington State to buy recycled through in-store promotional materials, and identifies specific recycled-product choices right on the store shelf. This is supported by a print and radio advertising campaign conducted cooperatively with product manufacturers and local retailers.

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Global Action Plan for the Earth (GAP)  Environment

As of 1996, over 8,000 households in 15 countries had participated in GAP's EcoTeam program which revolves around an easy-to-use workbook and peer support groups. The program focuses on waste reduction, water and energy efficiency, sustainable transportation, and other sustainable consumer habits.

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The Great Strathcona Exchange  Environment

Strathcona County organizes an annual one-day waste exchange. Staffed largely by volunteers, this free event enables people to return serviceable appliances, furniture, or other large household items to useful service by making them available for others to reuse.

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Norway Public School Litterless Lunch  Environment

Students eating lunch at Norway Public School were exposed to an ongoing Litterless Lunch program - one that involved the participation of parents and made use of student monitors. In addition, there was an emphasis on recycling and composting throughout the school.

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Quinte Waste Solutions and History of the Blue Box in Canada  Environment

To encourage people to reduce the amount of curbside waste going to land fills, a range of waste diversion programs were introduced in the Centre and South Hastings Region of Ontario and Prince Edward County, including backyard composting, expanded Blue Box recycling, reducing and properly disposing of household hazardous waste, and a user-pay system. The notes section tells the history of the Blue Box in Canada.

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Sheffield Mills Community Association  Environment

The organizing efforts of Sheffield Mills Community Association show what a small community can do to help its residents reduce waste. A collection depot, home visits and coaching helped people to start recycling and composting.

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The Toxic Challenge  EnvironmentHealth

To encourage people to reduce their use of toxic-containing consumer products, a door-to-door campaign was organized in two neighbourhoods of Metropolitan Toronto. Summer students staffed the campaign in which residents were asked to try non-toxic or less toxic alternatives.

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We're Toxic Free  EnvironmentHealth

The City of Peterborough conducted a door-to-door pilot campaign to influence residents' behaviours related to the purchasing and disposal of toxic household chemicals. Summer students staffed the campaign in which residents were asked to try non-toxic or less toxic alternatives.

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Whitney Public School  Environment

Students at Whitney Public School were given a homework assignment to take responsibility for their home's Blue Box recycling for one week. The assignment was to be carried out by the students with parent participation. Information was provided to each home on new materials that were being accepted in the Blue Box.

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Zehr's  Environment

A campaign at a Zehr's store in Kitchener, Ontario, reminded customers to buy products which used less packaging, were more concentrated and safer for the environment. Some customers were asked to make a commitment to purchase "green" alternatives and to watch an in-store information video showing other people making their decision to buy "green."

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User Pay for Residential Waste Pickup in Ontario (Research Alert)  Environment

This research alert, reprinted from an article in Solid Waste and Recycling Magazine, provides an overview of the growth of user-pay for residential waste pickup in Ontario, including pricing. It was written by Maria Kelleher and John Dixie Enviros-RIS, based on surveys they conducted.

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Most Recent Waste Reduction Resources

Checking  EnvironmentHealth

Checking

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Engaging Teachers to Communicate Scientific Consensus on Climate Change and Other Topics  EnvironmentHealthSafety

When consensus about a risk or mitigating behavior is newly developed and/or not clearly understood, communicating that consensus through teachers / instructors can be critical. While this blog entry focuses on climate change, it may also apply to new understandings in many topic areas.

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Designing Waste Disposal Signage for Maximum Impact  Environment

This article reports on three experiments exploring the impact of waste disposal signage design on disposal behavior. Conclusions:

  1. Icons and pictures are better than words
  2. Consistent ordering of signs improves performance
  3. Permitted-only signs are as good, or better, than permitted and prohibited signs
  4. Attention to the perception of environmental cues can improve impactsr.

 

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Zero Waste Palo Alto  Environment

Adapt-for-your-own cart corral signs, posters, signs, static window clings, reminder kit, etc. are available from the City of Palo Alto's reusable bag campaign. Use the links in the Highlights Section below to access the materials as the usual URL link is not working. 

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Program Impact Attribution  EnvironmentHealthSafety

This document provides a brief summary of options for assessing what portion of any measured behavior changes resulted from your program and what portion resulted from other influences. These options can also be used to attribute the affects of your program on a wide range of related variables such as resources used, pollutants released, accident rates and health status.

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Waste Reduction / Recycling Images  Environment

Images are available for use in educational brochures, flyers, advertisements, etc. They may not to be used for commercial purposes.

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Influencing Behaviours Evidence Library  EnvironmentHealth

Brings many key evidence sources on pro-environmental behavior change together in one place and allows quick access to those freely available online

Themes include: home energy, travel, food choices, waste, shopping

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Media / Materials Clearinghouse  EnvironmentHealthSafety

An international clearinghouse for those with an interest in health communication materials: pamphlets, posters, audiotapes, videos, training materials, job aids, electronic media and other media/materials designed to promote public health.

Materials are available for a wide range of heath issues including: AIDS (and also condom use, HIV and safer sex), asthma, automobiles, diet, fitness, nutrition (also child nutrition and infant nutrition), physical abuse, psychological abuse and sexual harassment (bullying), tobacco use, traffic safety, transportation, waste management, water (quality, storage, supply, treatment) and wildlife

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UBC Campus Sustainability Engagement and Social Marketing Strategy - Review of Related Research and Similar Programs  Environment

This literature review summarizes behavioral barriers, benefits and interventions related to campus / institutional energy, water and waste-related behaviors.

 

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A History of Household Recycling in Canada and the USA  Environment

History of household blue box recycling in Canada (since 1974)

History of household recycling in the USA (back to 1939) 

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Infographic on Reducing Your Bottled Water Footprint (USA)  Environment

While information alone is rarely enough to change behaviours, some good facts can be useful. Here's the scoop on bottled water in the USA.

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US Government Uses Prompt and Disincentive to Boost Double-Sided Printing  Environment

A dialog box that asked employees to change their default printer setting to double-sided after employees had initiated a single-sided print job increased the likelihood of double-sided printing by 5.8 percentage points, from a baseline of 46 percent.

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Illegal Dumping Research Report  Environment

The overriding objective of this research was to explore the motivations of people who dump waste illegally, and the influential factors which may bring about a change in behaviour among these groups of people. This research provides a benchmark for monitoring changes in attitudes, behaviours and experiences relating to illegal dumping.

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The Recycled Self: Consumers' Disposal Decisions of Identity-Linked Products  Environment

When an everyday product (e.g., paper, cups, aluminum cans) is linked to a consumer's identity it is less likely to be trashed and more likely to be recycled. Further, the tendency to recycle an identity-linked product increases with the strength and positivity of the connection between the consumer and product (or brand). 

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Program Evaluation Methods; Measurement and Attribution of Program Results  EnvironmentHealthSafety

A good, detailed, freely accessible overview of program evaluation and attribution methods.

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