Transportation Resources

Around the world, professionals are working to reshape transportation systems and make them more sustainable. Technologies such as more efficient cars and cleaner fuels can help, but the reality is that we need to focus on changing individual behaviour in two key ways:

  • increasing the use of non-driving travel modes like walking, cycling, public transit, carpooling and teleworking; and
  • making individuals' car use more efficient including their decisions about what car to buy, when and where to drive their car, and how to operate and maintain it.  More

Latest News

April 2, 2019 Two New Video Summaries, Full-Length Case Studies. Nominations Due June 3, 2019

Ready for an inspiration break? Need to convince or inspire a room-full of decision-makers? Each of our our new case study videos summarizes a recently designated Landmark case study in under five minutes ... short enough for a break or to show to others at Board, Council and other planning meetings. Our new format features more video-recorded sections of the programs-in-action and of the program managers sharing their perspectives. The full-length written case studies are also now available for these two programs: Capitol Hill In Motion and Chicago's GO Programs, both designated in 2017.

We are now soliciting nominations for 2019. If you have been working on or have seen a particularly effective or innovative approach for changing energy or transportation behaviours, please consider nominating yourself or them (June 3 deadline)
November 1, 2018 Brisbane's Active Schools Travel Program Designated Landmark; Two More Case Studies
Brisbane's Active Schools Travel Program has just been designated a Landmark Case Study. Landmark designation recognizes programs and social marketing approaches considered to be among the most successful in North America and world-wide. See the full list.  In addition, we've just posted a transit promotion pilot program case study. View the case studies using the left hand column below.
October 25, 2018 Two New Case Studies, Three New Resources
We've posted the full-length case study for last year's Landmark designates: Capitol Hill In Motion and Chicago's Go Program. In addition, the five minute summary videos for each of these case studies are almost ready for posting. In the last year we've also added or updated three topic resources. View the case studies using the left hand column below, and theresources using the right hand column below.


Most Recent Transportation Case Studies

Bike Smarts  EnvironmentHealthSafety

The Bike Smarts program was introduced in Lochside Elementary School to educate students about bicycle safety and to encourage them to travel by bicycle. As part of the program, parents of the students became involved in cycling to school with their children and participated in a cycling field trip.

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The Clean Air Commute  EnvironmentHealth

Pollution Probe hosts an annual, month-long Clean Air Campaign to raise awareness about smog, vehicle emissions and related respiratory problems. The main event of this campaign is The Clean Air Commute, a one-day event in which employees pledge to carry out cleaner commuting practices. In 1996 a pilot was conducted to build on the one-day event and measure the resulting changes over a period of three months.

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Global Action Plan for the Earth (GAP)  Environment

As of 1996, over 8,000 households in 15 countries had participated in GAP's EcoTeam program which revolves around an easy-to-use workbook and peer support groups. The program focuses on waste reduction, water and energy efficiency, sustainable transportation, and other sustainable consumer habits.

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Landmark Case Study Go Boulder  EnvironmentHealth

To promote a shift from single-occupant vehicle use to more sustainable modes of transportation, the City of Boulder uses several synergistic approaches. It offers transit passes to entire workplaces, schools and neighbourhoods, with guaranteed rides home for workplace pass holders needing to stay late at work or in case of an emergency. The city has continually improved its physical system to be more supportive of alternative transportation methods, with high-profile monthly reminders and opportunities to try these alternative methods.

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Vancouver's Employee Trip Reduction Program  EnvironmentHealth

The Greater Vancouver Regional District's (GVRD's) Employee Trip Reduction Program took an integrated, multi-modal approach. By supporting the use of all modes of alternative transportation, a higher rate of employee buy-in could be obtained. This case study also shows how a municipality first developed a program for its own employees and then used it as a model for other employers. Even though GVRD has more resources to draw on than many other municipalities, the program's elements can be replicated by any community. This case study documents a program that took place between 1996 and 2002. A separate case study covers more current details on the public program that resulted.

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Marley Station Mall  EnvironmentHealth

This pilot used simple signs to promote health and weight control by encouraging the use of stairs instead of escalators.

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Do Your Share for Cleaner Air  EnvironmentHealth

The region of Greater Cincinnati implemented an episode day program to deal with the problem of smog and air quality. When smog levels were particularly high, citizens were notified and encouraged to change their behaviours to less polluting ones. The focus was primarily on commuting, but includef other polluting activities as well. The campaign was known as "Do Your Share for Cleaner air".

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Ozone Action Program  EnvironmentHealth

In Southeast Michigan, the Clean Air Coalition runs a program to help reduce the formation of ground level ozone, which is a threat to environmental and human health and is one of the primary contributors to smog. The Ozone Action Program educates households and businesses, and encourages participation in voluntary ozone reduction activities. A key component of the program involves Ozone Action alerts which are issued when ozone levels are expected to exceed federal standards the following day.

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Spare the Air  EnvironmentHealth

When air pollution concentrations approach unhealthy levels, people living and working within the San Francisco Bay Area are notified, and encouraged to avoid activities that pollute the air. Partnerships with local businesses and public agencies allow the program to target commuters at work, and offer information, incentives and services to help them choose less polluting alternatives.

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Landmark Case Study Green Communities Active and Safe Routes to School (1996 to 2005)  EnvironmentHealthSafety

The Green Communities Active and Safe Routes to School program encourages families to reduce automobile use and increase physical activity for children as they travel to and from school. This case study covers pilot implementation by Greenest City, and expansion to other schools across the Greater Toronto Area and then throughout Ontario. Green Communities Canada now supports delivery of Active and Safe Routes to School programs nationwide. Updated in 2005. More recent information is contained in a new case study.

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Ottawa's Commuter Challenge  EnvironmentHealth

Ottawa's Commuter Challenge is a week long event that encourages people of legal driving age (16+) to reduce air pollution by using active or sustainable transportation to get to and from work or school. People are asked to walk, cycle, take the bus, telework, carpool, or a combination of those, instead of driving alone.

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Improving Employee Transportation: The Cambie Corridor Consortium  EnvironmentHealth

The Cambie Corridor Consortium (CCC) was the first transportation management association (TMA) established in Canada. A TMA is an alliance of business, government, and other groups that aims to reduce traffic in a particular area by pooling resources and expertise. Cambie's aim is to reduce the number of single occupancy vehicles commuting to the Cambie/Broadway area of Vancouver and improve air quality by providing alternative transportation solutions and information. Approximately 25,000 employees are represented through CCC's 21 members.

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Oregon's Air Quality Public Education and Incentive Program  EnvironmentHealth

This ongoing program educates the public and provides incentives to improve air quality in Portland. It uses non-regulatory approaches that target vehicles, lawnmowers, paints and certain consumer products - to reduce emissions from Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs).

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Commuter Challenge: Environment Canada's Participation  EnvironmentHealth

This case study illustrates the successful engagement of a large organization (Environment Canada) in a broad-scale staff participation program. That program, the Commuter Challenge, is a Canada-wide NGO-led event that challenges commuters to reduce the use of single-occupant vehicles during a specific time frame. It is used as an awareness raising initiative and to promote trial of an activity, not as a scientific auditing or survey tool.

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HEADSTART  EnvironmentHealthSafety

Hampshire County's Transport Awareness Initiative (HEADSTART) encourages more sensible use of cars in order to reduce road traffic and environmental pollution, protect human health and minimize future infrastructure cost. Based on the notion of public participation and community mobilization, the program developed and implemented a discussion workshop to help explore various transport issues, directly involve the community in the policy-making process, and engage the citizens in supporting the resulting policies. Volunteers were trained to lead the workshop, supported by a CD-ROM technology and a how-to manual that is available for use by other interested groups or organizations.

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Most Recent Transportation Resources

Fuel Efficient Automobiles  Environment

Promoting and Sustaining Consumer Demand for Highly Fuel Efficient Automobiles. Canadian consumer segmentation, barrier analysis and strategy suggestions regarding the purchase of highly efficient vehicles. Download PDF

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Online TDM Encylopedia  Environment

The VTPI Online TDM Encyclopedia is a free, unique and comprehensive resource for identifying and evaluating innovative solutions to transportation problems. It contains more than 80 chapters, 1,000 pages and hundred of links.

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Practices for Sustainable Communities  Environment

This guidebook contains a range of best practices for overcoming barriers to water efficiency, sustainable landscaping and sustainable transportation through alternative development standards, alternative housing and xeriscaping. It also reviews a range of transportation demand management (TDM) and transportation system management (TSM) strategies, and includes a section on sustainable community indicators. A priced publication that can be ordered on line from Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC.)

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Centre for Sustainable Community Development  Environment

This site offers publications and customizable slide decks for introducing TDM to municipal staff and elelcted officials

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National TDM and Telework Clearinghouse  EnvironmentHealth

The resources section on this site contains survey and program evaluation resources, as well as approaches for overcoming barriers relating to walking, cycling, telework and the use of public transit.

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TravelSmart Research Documents  EnvironmentHealth

Contains research reports supporting the development and delivery of the Victoria Australia TravelSmart program, including a good number on program evaluation methodology and on individualized marketing initiatives. Most of the papers date back to 2003 and 2004 yet remain quite relevant today. TravelSmart in Victoria has since shifted from an  individualised marketing to a travel planning approach.

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Compendium of Canadian Survey Research on Consumer Attitudes and Behavioural Influences Affecting Sustainable Transportation Options  Environment

The purpose of the Compendium is to provide sustainable transportation practitioners, and others in related fields, with an up-to-date listing of research and findings about the key attitudes, perceptions and misperceptions of Canadians towards targeted sustainable transportation actions. It does not include individual program results.

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Resources for (Transportation) Practitioners  EnvironmentHealth

Provides access to a range of resources developed by Transport Canada for transportation practitioners and decision makers.

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Program Impact Attribution  EnvironmentHealthSafety

This document provides a brief summary of options for assessing what portion of any measured behavior changes resulted from your program and what portion resulted from other influences. These options can also be used to attribute the affects of your program on a wide range of related variables such as resources used, pollutants released, accident rates and health status.

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Transport Social Research and Evaluation  Environment

The Social Research and Evaluation Division, Department for Transport offers a number of its research reports on behaviour change, transport choices and climate change

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Changing Transportation Behaviours: A Social Marketing Planning Guide  EnvironmentHealth

If you want to influence transportation choices, this planning guide is written for you. You may be working on a very small or large program. This guide has been designed to help you focus on practical first steps and explore additional social marketing considerations. The guide's worksheets walk you through each step, provide quick access to the key questions to ask, and link to associated recommendations for further details.

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The Rebound Effect  Environment

An assessment of the evidence for rebound effects and net economy-wide energy savings from improved (building and transportation) energy efficiency. Read More »

Saving Energy at Home and on the Road: A Survey of Americans' energy saving behaviors,  Environment

By Anthony Leiserowitz, PhD et al, Yale Project on Climate Change, based on a nationally representative survey of 2,164 American adults conducted by researchers at Yale and George Mason Universities in the fall of 2008.

Read More »  EnvironmentHealthSafety

A free, searchable online registry of systematic reviews on the effectiveness of public health and health promotion interventions. The content has been quality rated. Bilingual (English and French).

Topics include: AIDS, environmental health, fitness, injury prevention, nutrition, safety, cycling, walking, water quality

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An Assessment of Public Transportation Markets (in the USA) Using NHTS Data  Environment

This study assesses a range of public transit markets for Florida and the U.S. as a whole. (Published in March 2012)

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