HIV/STI Prevention Interventions: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

URL: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5758728/

This review of randomized and non-randomized controlled trials assessed the effectiveness of HIV/STI prevention interventions for people living with HIV in high income settings. It discusses the types and common characteristics among effective interventions.


Behavioral interventions can prevent the transmission of HIV and sexually transmitted infections. This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the effectiveness and quality of available evidence of HIV prevention interventions for people living with HIV in high-income settings. Searches were conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and CDC Compendium of Effective Interventions. Interventions published between January, 1998 and September, 2015 were included. Quality of evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE). Forty-six articles and 63 datasets involving 14,096 individuals met inclusion criteria. Included articles were grouped by intervention type, comparison group and outcome. Few of these had high or moderate quality of evidence and statistically significant effects.


One intervention type, group-level health education interventions, were effective in reducing HIV/STI incidence when compared to attention controls. A second intervention type, comprehensive risk counseling and services, was effective in reducing sexual risk behaviors when compared to both active and attention controls. Common characteristics among effective interventions include sessions that are: theory-based, tailored one-on-one interventions, typically grounded in counseling or case management, targeting multiple health concerns (beyond skills building in relation to safe sex), and delivered over a longer period of time (average of five months).

Topics: Health Promotion, AIDS and STBBIs
Resource Type: strategies and interventions
Publisher: Open Med
Date Last Updated: 2019-04-27 10:00:01

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