Characteristics of School-Associated Youth Homicides - United States, 1994-2018

URL: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6803a1.htm?s_cid=mm6803a1_w

This report summarizes data from the U.S. School-Associated Violent Death Surveillance System.


This report analyzed data from the School-Associated Violent Death Surveillance System (SAVD-SS) for single-victim youth homicide incidents that occurred between July 1994 and June 2016 (n=393) and multiple-victim incidents between July 1994 and June 2018 (38 incidents resulting in 121 youth homicides). Although school-associated youth homicides (SAYH) account for <2% of all youth homicides, even one such incident is unacceptable. SAYHs are devastating for families, schools, and entire communities. The 22-year trend for single-victim SAYH rates did not change between 1994 and 2016, whereas multiple-victim incidence rates increased significantly from July 2009 through June 2018 - a finding likely related to a large number of incidents from 2016-2018.

Key Findings

  • Over 90% of SAYH incidents from July 1994-June 2016 involved one victim.
  •  Single-victim SAYH rates did not change significantly overall from July 1994-June 2016 despite fluctuations over time.
  •  Multiple-victim SAYH incidence rates decreased from July 1994-June 2009, but then increased significantly through the 2017/2018 school year.
  • Characteristics of single-victim SAYHs are consistent with national data on youth homicides overall, indicating higher victimization rates among racial/ethnic minority male adolescents in urban areas.
  • Firearm-related injuries were the cause of death for 70.4% of all youth SAYHs included in this study.
  • From July 1994-June 2016, almost 1 in 5 victims died in multiple-victim incidents.
Topics: Safety, Bullying prevention, Crime prevention
Location: US
Resource Type: consumer research
Publisher: US CDC
Date Last Updated: 2019-04-27 09:51:38

Search the Topic Resources

Click for Advanced Search »